Teaching children to be good, confident and fluent readers is an essential life skill. From when children start Barkston and Syston School in reception, they are taught Phonics, which is understanding and applying letters and sounds in order to read and write.
In EYFS and KS1, phonics lessons are delivered everyday using a combination of ‘Phonics Bug’ and ‘Letters and sounds Programme’. Phonics Bug is a fun and interactive programme which involves the whole class, engaging the children with reading and spelling by using a multi-sensory approach to phonic development.
Children learn to understand that letters and letter combinations represent sounds in words (grapheme-phoneme-correspondences or GPCs). In Phonics sessions, they practise quick recognition of these GPCs. The sessions also give children consistent support and practice in skills of blending these sounds to read and segmenting words into sounds to help with spelling and writing. Children revise previous learning in every session so that becomes embedded. Within each session, children practise and apply these skills in reading class texts, playing word games, or writing words or sentences.
We aim to embed Phonics in all English lessons and in other curriculum subjects where appropriate. Children are encouraged to use their developing phonic knowledge sounds to spell words. Similarly, whenever they are reading, they are encouraged to use their sounds to blend.
All letter sounds are displayed in each classroom to facilitate this and our pupils are encouraged to refer to them regularly.
High frequency and “tricky words” are also displayed around the classrooms to develop independence when spelling.
When modelling reading or writing, teachers model the use of Phonics to help with spelling and decoding.